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American Study_ The U. S Government

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Người gửi: Vũ Thị Kim Trúc
Ngày gửi: 21h:45' 14-01-2015
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Số lượt tải: 6
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Subject: American Study

Group 3: Friday, the 1st Shift
Topic: Federal government – The Executive Branch
Introduction
The American System of Government:
The U.S is a democratic republic.
The of the United divides the federal government into three branches: the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branch to ensure a central government in which no individual or group gains too much control.
Each branch of government can change acts of the other branches.
General introduce to 3 branches:
Legislative – Makes laws (Congress)
Executive – Carries out laws (President, Vice President, Cabinet)
Judicial – Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and Other Courts)
Body : The Executive Branch
The President of the United States
The Vice President of the United States
Background information of the Vice President
The vice president was assumed the presidency when the President no longer has the duties of the presidency.
+ The President`s death, resignation, temporary incapacitation

indirectly elected by the Electoral College (received the second greatest number of votes )
working for a four- year-term
the office in the West Wing of the White House (the nearby Eisenhower Executive Office Building)
The Vice President`s salary is $230,700.

The Roles of the Vice president
The President of the United States Senate

a vote in the event of a Senate
presides over and certify the official vote count of the U.S. Electoral College.(In the case of tiebreaking votes)
Informal roles
drafter and spokesperson for the administration`s policies, adviser to the President, and being a symbol of American concern or support.
The ceremonial duties
+ assign the ceremonial duties of representing the President&the government at state funerals or other functions in the United States.
Eligible:Qualifications for the Vice President
Be a -.S. ;
Be at least 35 years old
Have resided in the U.S. at least 14 years
The current vice President
Joseph Robinette Bidenwas born in 1942, in Scranton, Pennsylvania
the 47th vice president
graduated from the University of Delaware and Syracuse Law School
2009, following his election to the Vice Presidency

The Cabinets
Origin of cabinet.
The tradition of the Cabinet dates back to the beginnings of the Presidency itself. Established in Article II, Section 2, of the Constitution, the Cabinet`s role is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of each member`s respective office.
- The president chooses the members of his Cabinet (the heads of the departments), and the Senate approves his choices.
- An elected Vice President does not require Senate confirmation, nor does the White House Chief of Staff, which is an appointed staff position of the Executive Office of the President.
Cabinet:
The Cabinet includes the Vice President and the heads of 15 executive departments — the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, as well as the Attorney General.
The Cabinet as a body would meet frequently, sometimes several times a week.
Secretary of State of (1789): Works with other countries.

Secretary of the Treasury of the (1789): Supervises the collection of taxes and the printing of money.

Secretary of Defense of (1947): Oversees the armed forces.

Attorney General of (1870): Enforces the U.S. Government`s laws.

Secretary of the Interior of the (1849): Protects natural resources and wildlife.

Secretary of Agriculture of (1862): Ensures a healthy food supply and provides support for farmers.

Secretary of Commerce of (1903): Promotes business and job opportunities for all Americans, responsible for all copyrights, patents, and trademarks; and oversees matters related to oceans, weather, and technology.

Secretary of Labor of (1913): Oversees the interests of U.S. workers.

Secretary of Health & Human Services of Health and Human (1953): Looks after people`s health and provides services including conducting medical research, preventing diseases, assuring the safety of food and drugs; providing financial assistance for low income families.

Secretary of Housing & Development of Housing and Urban (1965): Oversees housing needs, and focuses on improving and developing communities.

Secretary of Transportation of (1966): Oversees the nation`s transportation system including highways, railroads, ports, and air travel.

Secretary of Energy of (1977): Researches and develops energy systems that are friendly to the environment, but are not too expensive.

Secretary of Education of (1979): Establishes guidelines and provides leadership to address American education. It helps local
 
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