Violet
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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Người gửi: Đỗ Văn Bình (trang riêng)
Ngày gửi: 07h:11' 06-08-2019
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Số lượt tải: 343
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BÀI 2. CONDITIONAL SENTENCES - CÂU ĐIỀU KIỆN
I. Common conditional sentences: Ba loạicâuđiềukiệnphổbiến
1. Conditional sentences type 1 (real condition) – Câuđiềukiệncóthực:Kếtquảcóthểđượcthựchiện ở hiệntạihoặctươnglaikhiđiềukiệnứngnghiệm (xảyra).
will
If - S – V(simple present), S -shall – V (bare infinitives)
can
may

e.g. If I have the money, I will buy a new car. If you try more, you will improve your English.
We will have plenty of time to finish the project before dinner if the weather stays fine.
Unless he tries harder, he will fail the exam.(if he doesn’t try harder, he will fail)
2. Conditional sentences type 2 (unreal present condition) – Câuđiềukiệnkhôngcóthực ở hiệntại:Kếtquảkhôngthểđượcthựchiện ở hiệntạihoặctươnglaibởiđiềukiệnchỉlàgiảđịnh (khôngthểxảyra).
would
If - S – V(simple past) , S - might - V
wereshould

e.g. If I had enough money now, I would buy this house.
(but now I don’t have enough money)
If I had the time, I would go to the beach with you this weekend.
(but I don’t have the time, and I’m not going to the beach with you)
He would tell you about it if he were here.
(he won’t tell you about it, because he is not here)
If he didn’t speak so quickly, you could understand him.
(in fact, he speaks very quickly, so you can’t understand him)
Note. Độngtừto beđược chia làwerevớimọichủngữ.
e.g. If I were you, I wouldn’t do such a thing. (but I’m not you)
If it were not so bad, we could go swimming.
(in fact, the weather is bad and we can’t go swimming)
She would marry him if she were you.
(she doesn’t marry him because she and you are different people)
3. Conditional sentences type 3 (unreal past condition) – Câuđiềukiệnkhôngcóthực ở quákhứ:Kếtquảkhôngthểđượcthựchiệntrongquákhứbởiđiềukiệnchỉlàgiảđịnh (khôngthểxảyra).
would
If - S – had - past participles, S - should - have - past participles
could
might

e.g. If we hadn’t lost the way we could have been here in time.
(but in fact we lost the way, so we were late)
If we had known that you were there, we would have written you a letter.
(We didn’t know that you were there, so we didn’t write you a letter)
She would have sold the house if she had found the right buyer.
(She didn’t sell the house because she didn’t find the right buyer)
If we hadn’t lost the way, we would have arrived sooner.
(We lost our way, and we didn’t arrive early)
II. More conditional sentence forms: Mộtsốloạicâuđiềukiệnđặcbiệt
1.For a habit: Mẫucâudùngđểchỉmộtthóiquencủamộtchủthểnàođó ta thựchiệntheomẫucâusau:
If - S – V(simple present) - S – V(simple present)

e.g. If the doctor has morning office hours, he visits his patients in the hospital in the afternoon
John usually walks to school if he has enough time.

2.For a command: Mẫucâudùngđểchỉmộtmệnhlệnh, saikhiến hay sựnhờvả ta thựchiệntheomẫucâusau:
If – S – V(simple present), command form*

e.g. If you go to the Post Office, please mail this letter for me.
Please call me if you hear from Jane.
If she comes, call me. (Maybe she is coming or she has promised to come)
If the weather stays fine, we can arrive on time.
(The weather is now fine and there’s no sign of the bad changes)
3. For a suggestion:Vớilờiđềnghị, khuyênrăn.
e.g. If she comes, you should call me. (I suggest calling me when she comes)
You’d better cancel the project if it is possible. (It’s best for you to cancel the project)
4. For a present subjunctive cases but past unfulfilled result.Vớigiảđịnhhiệntạimàkếtquảkhôngthểxảyra ở quákhứ. Điềugiảđịnhnàyluônđúng ở hiệntại.






e.g. If I were you, I would have agreed with him yesterday. (The action hadn’t been done in the past but the subjunctive case is at present. Mãimãitôivẫnkhôngthểlàcậuđược, đâylàthựctếnênkhôngcầnchuyểnđiềukiệnvềquákhứhoànthành)
She would have been at the school if she didn’t appear in the park now.
She might have had chance to be successful if she were now in a higher position.
If he had a car now, he could have worked overtime much before.
5. For a past subjunctive cases but present unfulfilled result.Vớigiảđịnhquákhứmàkếtquảkhôngthểxảyra ở hiệntai. Điềugiảđịnhnàyđượccoilàquákhứcủaquákhứ, nhưngkếtquảlà phi lý.





e.g. If I had been there last time, I would agree to lend him the money. (The action hasn’t been done up to now, this is only my regret. Sựtiếcnuốicủatôikhinghebạnthuậtlạivụviệcgiảđịnhcủatôirơivàohoàncảnhquákhứ, nhưngkếtquảnàyđãkhôngxảyratrướcđó
 
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