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Người gửi: Đặng Thị Huệ Linh
Ngày gửi: 23h:42' 08-11-2018
Dung lượng: 38.5 KB
Số lượt tải: 176
Số lượt thích: 0 người
Reported speech with “to infinitive”
Khi lời nói gián tiếp là lời đề nghị, mệnh lệnh, ý định, lời hứa, lời yêu cầu,... độn g từ tường thuật cùng với động từ nguyên mẫu theo sau thường dùng để truyền tải nội dung lời nói trên
• Động từ tường thuật + tân ngữ + động từ nguyên mẫu [ to infinitive] Động từ tường thuật: ask, advise, command, invite, order, recommend, encourage, urge, warn, want., beg, instruct, persuade…
• Động từ tường thuật + động từ nguyên mẫu [ to infinitive] Động từ tường thuật: agree, demand, hope, promise, threaten, offer, refuse, decide... ( Would you/ Could you / Will you/ Can you -> asked+ sb + to + V ( Would you mind + V-ing /Do you mind + V-ing -> asked + sb + to +V ( Would you like/ Will you -> invited + sb + to + V a. Đề nghị, lời mời: S + invite + (O) + to V … S + offer + to V … Ex: He said, “Would you like to go out for a drink?” ---> He invited me to go out for a drink. b. Yêu cầu: (động từ tường thuật ask)  S + asked + someboby + for + something Ex: In a restaurant, the man said; “I’d like a bottle of red wine, please” -> The man asked for a bottle of red wine  c. Khuyên bảo: S + advised + O + to V …
Ex: “You should study harder,” my mother said. ---> My mother advised me to study harder. Lời khuyên thường bắt đầu bằng: - You should / You ought to V........... - If I were you , I would/ should … - You had better … - Why don’t you …. Eg: ’ Why don’t you repaint our room? ( She advised me to repaint their room. d. Lời nhắc nhở Remember… khi chuyển sang lời nói gián tiếp ta áp dụng cấu trúc sau Don’t for get S + remind(ed) + someboby + to Infinitive verb Ex: She said to me; “Don’t forget to ring me up tomorrow evening” -> She reminded me to ring her up the bext eveining  e. Sự đồng ý về quan điểm như: all right, yes, of course (áp dụng cấu trúc sau):  S + agreed + to verb… Ex: “All right, I’ll wait for you” he said -> He agreed to wait for me  f. Câu trực tiếp diễn tả điều mong muốn như: would like, wish :  S + wanted + O + to verb… Ex: “I’d like Lan to become a doctor,” my mum said  -> My mum wanted Lan to become a doctor  g. Từ chối : S + refused + to V … Eg: ‘No, I won’t lend you my car” -> He refused to lend me his car. h. Lời hứa: S + promised to V… Eg: ‘I’ll send you a card on your birthday”  -> He promised to send me a card on my birthday.
PRACTICE
Rewrite the following sentences in reported speech with infinitives.
1. “Remember to write to me soon,” she said to me.  She reminded .................................................................................... 2. “You’d better spend more time learning to write,” I said to the boy. I advised ........................................................................................... 3. “Would you like to have dinner with us tonight?” Mike said to Linda.  Mike invited ....................................................................................... 4. “Please, please turn off the T.V, John,” said Tom. Tom begged ....................................................................................... 5. “Don’t lean your bicycles against my windows, boys,” said the shopkeeper. The shopkeeper warned ..................................................................... 6. “Open the safe,” the robber said to the bank clerk.  The robber ordered ............................................................................. 7. “Leave this space clean, David,” she said. She told ............................................................................................. 8. “Shall I open the window for you, Edna?” he said. He offered .......................................................................................... 9. “I’ll wait for you. I promise,” he said to me. He promised ...................................................................................... 10. “Would you like to come with me?” John said to Mary. John invited ........................................................................................ 11. “Don’t forget to take the holiday,” Mark said to me. Mark reminded me .............................................................................. 12. “You should take a holiday,” Jane said to David. Jane advised ...................................................................................... 13. “I thought you took a holiday last summer,” Tom said to Sophia.  John expected Sophia ......................................................................... 14. “Taking a holiday would be a good idea,” George said. George proposed .................................................................................... 15. “ You really must take a holiday, Linda,” Jim said. Jim
 
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