Violet
Dethi
8tuoilaptrinh

Tin tức thư viện

Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
Xem tiếp

Quảng cáo

Hỗ trợ kĩ thuật

Liên hệ quảng cáo

  • (024) 66 745 632
  • 096 181 2005
  • contact@bachkim.vn

Tìm kiếm Đề thi, Kiểm tra

EXERCISES ON GERUNDS & INFINITIVES

Nhấn vào đây để tải về
Hiển thị toàn màn hình
Báo tài liệu có sai sót
Nhắn tin cho tác giả
(Tài liệu chưa được thẩm định)
Nguồn:
Người gửi: Thẩm Tâm Vy
Ngày gửi: 11h:09' 13-09-2021
Dung lượng: 83.0 KB
Số lượt tải: 199
Số lượt thích: 0 người

GRAMMAR FOR BEGINNER-LEARNERS
GERUND (-ING FORM)
When we put a verb after a preposition, we normally use an -ing form, not an infinitive.
- Always brush your teeth after eating.
- They `re talking about moving to Spain.
- I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Some examples of to as a preposition are:
to look forward to, to object to, to be used to,
to prefer to. to get around to, in addition to...
Common verbs that are normally followed by the -ing form are:
to admit, to appreciate, to avoid, to burst out, to consider, to contemplate, to delay, to deny, to detest, to dislike, to endure, to enjoy, to escape, to excuse, to face, to fancy, to feel like, to finish, toforgive, to give up. (can`t) help, to imagine, to involve, to keep (on), to leave off. to mention, to mind, to miss, to postpone, to practise, to put off. to resent, to resist, to risk, (can’t) stand I bear, to suggest, to understand...

When the action of the -ing clause is done by another we can use:
• possessive adjective / A + -ing form (formal)
- I can`t hear his / John’s joking.
• object / noun + -ing form (informal)
- I can’t hear him / John joking.

VERB + INFINITIVE

Common verbs normally followed by the infinitive include:
to afford, to agree, to appear, to ask, to attempt, to decide, to expect, to help, to hope, to manage, to mean, to offer, to prepare, to promise, to refuse, to seem, to threaten, to want, to wish...
- I promise to call you.
Some verbs can take both the infinitive and -ing form:
to begin, to start, to continue, to attempt, to bother, to try, tofear... can be followed by either form with no significant difference in meaning.
- I have started studying. = I have started to study.
Note!
If they are in a continuous tense, they are followed by the infinitive.
- I am beginning to worry.
to begin, to start and to continue are followed by the infinitive of to understand, to know and to realise.
- I started to understand what he was saying.
- I began to realise that I didn `Ỉ love him any more.
to be sorry for / to regret

• + -ing form for an action in the past
- I`m sorryfor breaking that vase.
• + infinitive for an action that still has to take place
- I regret to inform you that you can`t go on holiday.
to hate, to like, to dislike, to love, to prefer
• + -ing form for habitual habits
- I always wear skirts. I hate wearing trousers.
• + infinitive: with the conditional
- We would love to see your wedding photos.
to mean
• + -ing form = to involve / to imply
- Having afamily doesn `t mean leaving your job.
• + infinitive = to want / to intend
- I meant to call you but Ỉ `ve been very busy.
to remember / to forget
• + -ing form for an action in the past
- I remember leaving my keys in the car.
• + infinitive for an action in the future
- I promise I`ll neverforget to lock the door.
to stop
• + -ing form = to stop doing something
- She stopped eating meat last year.
• + infinitive = to stop something to do something else
- We stopped to buy some meat.
to need
• + ~ing form is used when the subject of the need clause is the object of the -ing clause
This house needs cleaning.
• + infinitive is used when the subject of the need clause is also the subject of the infinitive clause
- I need to borrow some money.

PRACTICE
I. Complete the sentences with the gerund (-ing) form of the verbs in the box.

forget drive make contact live do watch complain buy eat


1. I dislike driving in the dark.
2. I can’t imagine............ without you!
3. Have you ever considered............ volunteer work?
4. Do you think she`ll forgive me for ............her birthday?
5. The mechanic suggested ............new tyres.
6. I won’t miss his !
7. Does his job involve............ potential customers?
8. We`ll finish ............and then I think we`ll take a nap.
9. We enjoy ............football matches on
 
Gửi ý kiến