Violet
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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Người gửi: Đỗ Văn Bình (trang riêng)
Ngày gửi: 17h:04' 10-12-2018
Dung lượng: 26.0 KB
Số lượt tải: 349
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SỞ GD&ĐT VĨNH PHÚC
TRƯỜNG THPT LIỄN SƠN
(Đề thi gồm: 05 trang)
ĐỀ KTCL ÔN THI THPT QUỐC GIA NĂM 2018-2019
Môn: TIẾNG ANH – ĐỀ SỐ 019
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút, không kể thời gian phát đề


Họ và tên thí sinh:…………………………………………………………………….SBD:…………………………

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Animals have an intuitive awareness of quantities. They know without analysis the difference between a number of objects and a smaller number. In his book “ The natural History of Selboure ” (1786), the naturalist Gilbert White tells how he surreptitiouslyremoved one egg a day from a plover’s nest , and how the mother laid another egg each day to make up for the missing one. He noted that other species of birds ignore the absence of a single egg but abandon their nests if more than one egg has been removed. It has also been noted by naturalists that a certain type of wasp always provides five – never four, never six - caterpillars for each of their eggs so that their young have something to eat when the eggs hatch. Research has also shown that both mice and pigeons can be taught to distinguish between oddand even numbers of foodpieces.
These and similar accountshave led some peopleto infer that creatures other than humans can actually count. They also point to dogs that have been taught to respond to numerical questions with the correct number of barks, or to horses that seem to solve arithmetic problems by stomping their hooves the proper number of times.
Animals respond to quantities only when they are connected to survival as a species – as in the case of the eggs – or survival as individuals - as in the case of food. There is no transfer to other situations or from concrete reality to the abstract notion of numbers. Animals can “count” only when the objects are present and only when the numbers involved are small – not more than seven or eight. In lab experiments, animals trained to “count” one kind of object were unable to count any other type. The objects, not the numbers, are what interest them. Animals admittedly remarkable achievements simply do not amount to evidence of counting, nor do theyreveal more than innate instincts, refined by the genes of successive generations, or the results of clever, careful conditioning by trainers.
Question 01: What is the main idea of this passage?
A. Although animals may be aware of quantities, they cannot actuallycount.
B. Of all animals, dogs and horses can countbest.
C. Careful training is required to teach animals to perform tricks involvingnumbers
D. Animals cannot “count” more than one kind ofobject.
Question 02: Why does the author refer to Gilbert White’s book in line 2?
A. To indicate that more research is needed in thisfield.
B. To show how attitudes have changedsince1786.
C. To provide evidence that some birds are aware ofquantities.
D. To contradict the idea that animals cancount.
Question 03:The word “surreptitiously” is closest in meaning to________.
A.quickly B.occasionally C. stubbornly D.secretly
Question 04: The word “odd” refers to which of the following?
A. numbers such as 1, 3, 5 andso on B. luckynumbers
C. numbers such as 2, 4, 6 andso on D. unusualnumbers
Question 05: The author mentions that all of the following are aware of quantities in some ways EXCEPT________.
A.wasps B.Plovers C.caterpillars D.mice
Question 06: The word “accounts” is closest in meaning to
A.reasons B.reports C.deceptions D.invoices
Question 07: How would the author probably characterize the people who are mentioned in the first line of the second paragraph________.
A.As foolish B.As demanding C.Asclever D. Asmistaken

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
Question 08:A. blamed B. misused C. dissolved D. increased
Question 09:A. blouses B. amuses C. purses D. pleases

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Question 10: Ancient people used pot for cooking, storing food, and carrying things from place toplace.
A. pot B. cooking C. carrying D. from
Question 11: Chemical engineering is based onthe principles of physics, chemists, and mathematics.
A. on
 
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