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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Người gửi: Trần Vân Anh
Ngày gửi: 10h:09' 06-11-2021
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GERUND
I/ FORMS OF GERUND (DẠNG THỨC CỦA DANG ĐỘNG TỪ)
1/ Gerund: V-ing
Ex: I like reading books.
2/ Perfect gerund (danh động từ hoàn thành): Having + PII
Ex 1: She denied having broken the flower vase.
Ex 2: He apologized for having made us wait so long.
3/ Passive gerund (Danh động từ bị động): Being + PII
Ex: No one can avoid being influenced by advertisements.
II/ FUCNTIONS OF GERUND (chức năng của danh động từ)
1/ Làm chủ ngữ: (Subject)
Ex: Listening to music is my hobby.
S
2/ Làm vị ngữ:
Ex: My hobby is listening to music.
3/ Làm tân ngữ (Object): đứng sau một số động từ, giới từ.
Ex 1: We are interested in reading comic books.
Ex 2: We feel like reading comic books.
3.1. Sau một số động từ:
a. Verb + V-ing:
Suggest : đề nghị
Miss : bỏ lỡ
Spend : tiêu tốn, sử dụng
Waste : lãng phí
Postpone = Delay : trì hoãn
Cancel : hủy bỏ
Keep : tiếp tục
Avoid : tránh
Mind : phiền
Mention : đề cập
Quit : từ bỏ, ngừng
Resist : phản kháng, ngăn lại
Involve : có liên quan
Discuss : thảo luận
Report : báo cáo
Risk : liều lĩnh
Appreciate : cảm kích
Admit (to) : thú nhận
Recall : gợi lại
Recollect : hồi tưởng lại
Imagine : tưởng tượng
Like/ Enjoy/ Fancy/ Feel like : thích
Prefer : thích hơn – would prefer + to V
Resent : không hài lòng
Tolerate : chịu đựng
Dislike/ Hate/ Detest : ghét
-Finish/ Complete
b. V + (object) + (preposition) + V-ing
Object to : phản đối
Confess to : thú nhận
Insist on : nài nỉ, khăng khăng
Look forward to : mong chờ
Forbib sb to do st/ forbid sb (from) doing st : cấm
Prohitbit sb (from) doing st : cấm
Ban sb from doing st : cấm
Prevent (sb) (from) + doing st : ngăn ngừa
Accuse sb for : buộc tội
Blame sb for : khiển trách
Punish sb for : phạt
Criticise sb for : phê bình
Congratulate sb on : chúc mừng
Compliment sb on : khen ngợi
Apologise (to sb) for : xin lỗi
c. V + V-ing/ V + Object + to V
Allow/ Permit sb to do st/ doing st : cho phép
Advise : khuyên
Recommend : đề nghị
Encourage : khuyến khích
Require : đòi hỏi, yêu cầu
Ex 1: They don't allow us to smoke here.
Ex 2: They allow smoking here.
Note: to be allowed + to V
Ex: We are not allowed to smoke here.
3.2. Sau một số cụm từ
- can't help (không thể tránh được)
- can't bear = can't stand (không thể chịu đựng được)
- can't resist (không thể kìm chế được)
- It is no good / It is no use / There's no point in / It's not worth (vô ích)
- Would you mind + V-ing ? Do you mind + V-ing ?
- Have difficulty (in)
- be used to = get used to = be accustomed to: quen / thích nghi với ...
Ex 1: I can't help laughing when seeing his funny face.
Ex 2: I can't stand being kept waiting.
3.3. Sau động từ chỉ giác quan
- see




- notice



V-ing (sự tiếp diễn hành động/
một phần hành động)
- watch
+
Object
+

- observe



V (cả quá trình/ sự hoàn tất của
hành động)
- feel




- hear




Ex 1: I heard the rain failing on the roof.
Ex 2: I heard him say that he would go on business next week.
III/ SOME VERBS WITH TWO FORMS (different meaning)
VERB + TO V
VERB + V-ing
TRY + TO V: cố gắng làm gì
Ex: I try to throw the ball into the basket.
TRY + V-ing: thử làm gì
Ex: Why don't you try using another key?
STOP + TO V: dừng lại để làm gì
Ex: We stopped to have dinner.
STOP + V-ing: ngừng làm việc gì
Ex: My father stopped smoking 5 years ago.
FORGET/ REMEMBER + TO V:
Quên/ nhớ sẽ làm gì
Ex: Please, remember to do your homework.
FORGET/ REMEMBER + V-ing:
Quên/ nhớ đã làm gì
Ex: I don't remember seeing him at the party last night.
NEED + TO V: cần làm gì

Ex: You need to study harder.
NEED + V-ing = NEED + to be + PPii: ai/ cái gì cần được làm
Ex: The windows need cleaning = The windows need to be cleaned.
REGRET + TO V: tiếc sẽ phải làm gì (chưa làm)
Ex: I regret to inform you there are no seats on the 12.30 flight.
REGRET + V-ing: tiếc đã làm việc gì (đã làm)
Ex: I regret buying such an expensive sport car.
MEAN + TO V = INTEND + TO V: định làm gì
Ex: I mean to study abroad after high school.
MEAN + V-ing: có nghĩa là

Ex: I won't go if it means taking the bus during the rush hour.
IV/ EXERCISES ON VERB FORMS
I. Choose the best answer
1. We are looking forward _____ you again soon.
A. to see B. to seeing C. saw D. have seen
2. My mother was afraid to let the boy _____ the tree.
A. to risk climbing B. to risk to climb C. risk climbing D. risk to climb
3. I remember _____ but he said I did not.
A. to buy him a book B. buy him a book
C. buying him a book D. to have bought him a book
4. Remember _____ john a present. today is his birthday.
A. send B. to send C. sent D. sending
5. I suggest _____ some more mathematical puzzles.
A. do B. to do C. doing D. done
6. Would you mind _____ the door?
A. open B. to open C. opening D. opened
7. You should give up _____ or you will die of cancer.
A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoking D. smoked
8. The driver stopped _____ a coffee because he felt sleepy.
A. have B. to have C. having D. had
9. That old man tried to stop _____ because of his bad health.
A. smoke B. smokes C. smoked D. smoking
10. There is nothing prevent us from______ the mystery of that palace.
A. discover B. discovery C. discovering D. discoveries
11. Mr. Thomas does not allow people_____ in his office.
A. smoke B. to smoke C. smoked D. smoking
12. We are not allowed _____ in that restricted area.
A. to enter B. enter C. entering D. to entered
13. You had better _____ at home until you feel better.
A. stay B. to stay C. staying D. stayed
14. The machine needs_____.
A. repair B. being repaired C. repairing D. to repair
15. I couldn't help _____ when I heard the story.
A. laughing B. to laugh C. laughed D. laugh
16. Peter usually help his mother ______.
A. to do housework B. do housework C. with housework D. all are correct
17. She used that money _____ a new car.
A. buy B. buying C. to buy D. for buying
18. Can you manage_____ ______ the report in the morning?
A. finishing / to write B. to finish / writing
C. finishing / writing D. to finish / to write
19. Rex hotel was the best place for us _____.
A. stays B. staying C. to stay D. stay
20. You can't stop me from _____ what I want.
A. doing B. do C. to do D. that I do
21. I must go now. I promise _______ late.
A. not being B. not to be C. to not be D. I won't be
22. Do you want ______ with you or do you want to go alone?
A. me coming B. me to come C. that I will come D. that I come
23. I'm sure I locked the door. I clearly remember _____ it.
A. locking B. to lock C. to have locked D. to be locked
24. She tried to be serious, but she couldn't help ______.
A. laughing B. to laugh C. that she laughed D. laugh
25. I like _____ the kitchen as often as possible.
A. not cleaned B. clean C. to clean D. that I clean
26. He tried to avoid ______ my question.
A. answering B. to answer C. answer D. how to answer
27. Could you please stop _______ so much noise?
A. to make B. make C. to have make D. making
28. Have you finished ______ your hair yet?
A. wash B. washed C. washing D. to wash
29. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk _____ knocked down.
A. been B. to be C. be D. being
30. Jim is 65, but he isn't going to retired yet. He wants to carry on _____.
A. to work B. work C. works D. working
31. Hello! Fancy _____ you here! What a surprise!
A. to see B. seeing C. seen D. see
32. I've put off _____ the letters so many times. I really must do it today.
A. write B. to write C. written D. writing
33. What a stupid thing to do! Can you imagine anybody _____.
A. being B. be C. to be D. were
34. Sarah gave up ______ to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.
A. apply B. to apply C. applying D. application
35. I can't bear ______this dirty room.
A. seeing B. to see C. seen D. saw
36. Have you considered _____ to live in another country?
A. going B. to go C. gone D. goes
37. Cathy suggested _____ to the cinema.
A. went B. not to go C. not go D. going
38. They caused her _____ a lot.
A. cried B. crying C. to cry D. cry
39. Paula quit _____ alcohol three years ago.
A. to drink B. drank C. being drunk D. drinking
40. We must do something. We can't go on _____ like this.
A. to live B. living C. life D. live
41. My mother rarely allows me _____ things for myself.
A. to buy B. bought C. buy D. buying
42. She admitted _____ the money.
A. to steal B. steals C. steal D. having stolen
43. It was late, so we decided ______ a taxi home.
A. to take B. taken C. taking D. was taken
44. Simon was in a difficult situation, so I agreed _______ him some money.
A. lend B. lending C. to lend D. lender
45. How old were you when you learnt ______ ?
A. how to drive B. how driving C. how drive D. how drivers
46. I waved to Karen but I failed ______ her attention.
A. to be attracted B. to attract C. attracting D. attracted
47. She always encouraged her son _____ .
A. to jog B. jogged C. is jogging D. jogging
48. They seem _____ plenty of money.
A. are having B. to have C. having D. had
49. I like Simon, but I think he tends _______ too much.
A. to talk B. talking C. talk D. is talking
50. Ann pretended ______ me as he passed me in the street.
A. not seeing B. not to seen C. not see D. not to see
51. I happened ______ that news from a magazine.
A. known B. to be known C. to know D. know
52. I don't know whether ______ for the job or not.
A. to applying B. apply C. to apply D. applied
53. Do you understand _______?
A. what done B. what doing C. what to do D. what do
54. Can somebody show me ______ the film in this cinema?
A. how to changed B. how change C. how changing D. how to change
55. Don't forget _____ the letter I gave you.
A. to post B. posting C. post D. posted
56. There was a lot of traffic, but we managed _____ to the airport in time.
A. are gone B. going C. to go D. to be going
57. Jill didn't afford _____ a car.
A. buy B. to buy C. buying D. bought
58. We've got a new computer in our office. I haven't learnt how ______ it yet.
A. to operate B. operating C. operate D. be operated
59. We were all too afraid to speak. Nobody dared ______ anything.
A. saying B. being said C. says D. to say
60. They had a boy ______ that yesterday.
A. done B. to do C. did D.do
61. We get our mail ______ yesterday.
A. been delivered B. delivered C. delivering D. to deliver
62. Tom hopes _______ a solution soon.
A. to be found B. finds C. to find D. finding
63. You must ______ a lot of people here.
A. to know B. knowing C. know D. known
64. This involves having a good memory and ______ hard.
A. work B. to work C. worked D. working
65. They claimed ______ the problem.
A. have solved B. solve C. solving D. to have solved
66. I've been invited to the party but I don't know ______ or not.
A. whether I should to go B. whether go
C. whether going D. whether I should go
67. Health experts advise ______ breakfast.
A. us not skipped B. us not skipping C. us not to skip D. us not skip
68. I would rather ______ this job.
A. not taken B. not take C. not to take D. not taking
69. I spent some time ______ around the shops in Elizabeth Street yesterday.
A. looked B. be looking C. look D. looking
70. She will probably offer ______ the stereo for you.
A. to repair B. to be repairing C. repair D. repairing
71. She always proves _______ a true friend.
A. be B. being C. to been D. to be
72. There's no point in _____ that.
A. persuade him to do B. persuading him to do
C. persuading him do D. persuading him doing
73. If you delay _____ it back, you will risk ______ your rights as a customer.
A. to take / losing B. taking / to lose C. being taken / losing D. taking / losing
74. He made me _______ it all over again.
A. do B. doing C. to do D. done
75. It's no use ______ about pollution in big cities.
A. to complain B. complain C. complaining D. complained
76. Excuse me for _____ late and it is very kind of you ______ for me
A. to be / to wait B. been / waiting C. being / to wait D. being / waiting
77. I remember _____ him ______ that he ______ on time.
A. hearing / says / will be B. hear / says / be
C. hear / said / would be D. hearing / say / would be
78. When _____ each other, the American women do not usually shake hands.
A. meet B. to meet C. met D. meeting
79. On _____ at the airport, I was very worried to find that no one _____ for me.
A. arriving / was waiting B. arrive / was waiting
C. arriving / had waiting D. arrive / had been waited
80. _____ a foreign language requires great effort.
A. learn B. to learn C. learning D. learns
81. I regret _______ you that we cannot approve your application.
A. inform B. to inform C. informed D. informing
82. I remember ____ you somewhere but I'm sorry I forget your name.
A. meet B. to meet C. met D. meeting
83.Would you mind _______, please.
A. to answer the phone B. answer the phone
C. answering the phone D. to the phone answered
84.My mother told me _______ hope.
A. not to give up B. not to giving up C. not giving up D. not give up
85.I'm hungry. Is there any food _____ ?
A. to be eaten B. to eat C. eating D. for me eating
86.Mary was the last applicant _____ by that interviewer.
A. to be interviewed B. to be interviewing C. to have interviewed D. to interview
87.He is the good colleague ______ .
A. to work for us with B. for work with us
C. to us for working with D. for us to work with
88. The teacher was explaining the lesson and didn't notice Linda _____ out.
A. go B. went C. gone D. to go
89.Please wait a minute! My boss is busy _____ something.
A. write B. to write C. writing D. wrote
II. Choose the best answer A,B,C or D
1. We can't count on _______ by our parents every time we get into financial difficulty
A. rescuing B. being rescued C. to rescue D. to be rescued
2. If we want to develop inner tranquility, we have to stop ________ by every little thing
A. being bothered B. bothering C. to bother D. to be bothered
3. The mouse avoided _________ by coming out only when the two cats were outside
A. catching B. to be caught C. being caught D. to catch
4. We were shocked to hear the news of your __________ fired
A. having been B. having C. to be D. to have been
5. Barbara didn't mention _________ about her progress at work, but I am sure she is.
A. concerning B. being concerned C. to concern D. to be concerned
6. Paul didn't mind _________ by his fortieth birthday party held by his friends
A. surprising B. being surprised C. to surprise D. to be surprised
7. I don't remember __________ of the decision to change the company policy on vacations
A. telling B. being told C. to tell D. to be told
8. They were fortunate _________ from the fire before the building collapsed
A. to have rescued B. to have been rescued
C. rescuing D. to rescue
9. Arthur pretended not _________ hurt when his younger sister bit him
A. to have been B. to have C. having D. be
10. No one can avoid ______ by advertisements
A. having influenced B. being influenced C. to be influenced D. influencing
11. I hope you don't mind ________ to come and meet her
A. to be asked B. asking C. to ask D. being asked
12. Are you sure you told me? I don't recall _________ about it
A. having told B. having been told C. to have told D. to have been told
13. He objected to __________
A. his mistakes being laughed at B. laughing his mistakes at
C. his mistakes laughing at D. his mistakes at laughing
14. I'm sorry that I didn't remember _________ $100, but I promise to pay you back as soon as I get my salary next week
A. to be lent B. having lent C. being lent D. to have lent
15. John says he doesn't like _________ to lend money because he can never refuse his friends even when he's short of cash himself
A. to ask B. being asked C. to have asked D. asking
16. Without ________ what to begin with they won't be able to move on
A. showing them B. being shown C. having shown D. showing
17. I'm afraid you gain nothing by insisting ________ of every small incident, they'll just start deceiving you.
A. to be informed B. on informing you C. on being informed D. to inform you
18. Never ask the boss about the firm. He hates _________ of his duties.
A. being reminded B. to remind him C. reminding him D. if you remind
19. Stop it! I hate _________ what I shouldn't do.
A. telling me B. being said C. being told D. talking to me
20. Leo didn't remember _________ to turn the heating on when going away for the weekend and as a result some flowers in the hall were destroyed by the frost
A. to be asked B. being asked C. to have asked D. to have been asked
21. Throughout the campaign he avoided ______ on TV with a cigarette or a glass.
A. to show himself B. to be shown C. being shown D. showing
22. Huda remembered having visited the Great Wall of China when she was a child, but she had forgotten _________ there on a video camera.
A. filming B. to film C. to have been filmed D. having been filmed
23. Why did Tom keep making jokes about me? I don't enjoy _________ at
A. be laughed B. to be laughed C. laughing D. being laughed
24. The house plant which grew from seeds need _________ before noon.
A. watering B. to water C. be watered D. being watered
25. He remembered ___________ for dangerous driving when he returned home that night.
A. fining B. being fined C. to fine D. to be fined
26. The man who was in a hurry to get to the station forgot _________ that the train would be canceled until next Friday.
A. being informed B. informing C. to informed D. to be informed
27. I remembered ___________ a colorful toy drum on my fifth birthday two years ago
A. giving B. to give C. to be given D. being given
28. Mary's children are used to _________ up after school every day.
A. picking B. pick C. be picked D. being picked
29. I don't mind ________ in the street by market researchers.
A. to be interviewed B. being interviewed C. having interviewed D. to interview
30. He will never forget _________ by a monster. What a thrill!
A. to be attacked B. being attacked C. to have attacked D. having attacked
Exercise 3 : Error identification
1. Before to go out, remember to turn off the computer.
2. You had better learning a foreign language before applying for a job.
3.On to hear the telephone ring, I answered it immediately
4.There's something wrong with my computer. It may need to repair .
5. It is a dull evening. We have nothing doing.
6. Gets the bad news from her parents, Lan immediately burst into tears.
7. I regret not to help you but I really couldn't do anything else.
8. Many scientists have tried to unlocking the genetic code.
9. Open the letter from her mother, she feels very happy.
10. To reduce pollution, we have to stop to use many things that make our lives comfortable.
11. It is very difficult for us to preventing forest fires during the drought.
12. People want to conserve the environment, but they can't help pollute it.
A: let's go out for a drink. - B: I suggest staying at home and watch television.
13. The government has had the ethnic minority settling down and provided them with land.
14. We go to school enriching our mind with knowledge.
15. Would you mind give me a hand, I have a lot of things to do?
16. You have to finished writing the report yourself.
17. Minh is a bit tired. He does not feel like eaten anything.
18. There comes my bus! I must go now. Don't forget giving me a call.
19. Faraday's father was not rich enough to sending him to school.
She left the house in a hurry without to say goodbye to us.
20. I remember that I have something new to telling you.
21. I couldn't help get angry when he told me about the problem.
22. Language coming from Latin, such as French, Italian and Spanish are easy learning.
23. I enjoy not have to get up early when I'm on holiday.
24. I don't recommend to eat in that restaurant. Its food is awful.
25. The florist recommended me buying some roses.
26. The police stopped everybody enter the house.
27. Knew that he was poor, I offered to pay his fare.
28. If you don't allow me entering, I'll break down the door.
Alan advised me reading some more books.
29. Leaves kept to fall and I felt tired of keeping the yard clean.
30. I am only interesting in what he did.
31. My parents never let me going out in the evening.
32. You should do nothing but waiting.
33. Gloria made a lot of friends by work in the cafeteria.
34. Why don't you help each other studying for the examination?
35. Understand what he is talking about is difficult.
36. He hates to be made fun at.
37. It is impossible imagine what she will say.
38. My friend was fond of attend a higher mathematics course.
39. Some people say that forget is better than remembering.
40. Long ago, I gave up to try to learn swimming as I could not get over my fear of water.
41. The only good way to getting achievement in learning English is to practise it as frequently as possible.
42. All the students are looking forward to spend their free time relaxing in the sun this summer.
43. Many people have stopped to smoke because they are afraid that it may be bad for their health.
44. After spending 2 days arguing about where to go on holidays, they decided not going anywhere.
 
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