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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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IT IS SAID THAT.../ HE IS SAID TO.../HE IS SUPPOSED TO...

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Nguồn: Longman Grammar 4
Người gửi: Phạm Thái Bạch Mai
Ngày gửi: 16h:30' 06-10-2017
Dung lượng: 293.0 KB
Số lượt tải: 488
Số lượt thích: 1 người (Nguyễn Hường)
It is said that...
He is said to...
He is supposed to...

A. Study this example situation:
- George is very old. Nobody knows exactly how old he is, but:
- lt is said that he is 108 years old.
or - He is said to be 108 years old.
Both these sentences mean: `People say that he is 108 years old.` You can use these structures with a number of other verbs, especially:
alleged - believed - considered - expected - known - reported - thought - understood
Compare the two structures:
- Cathy loves running. => lt is said that she runs ten miles a day.
- The police are looking for a missing boy.
=> It is believed that the boy is wearing a white sweater and blue jea ns.
- The strike started three weeks ago. => It is expected that the strike will end soon.
- A friend of mine has been arrested. => It is alleged that he hit a policeman.
or - She is said to run ten miles a day.
or - The boy is believed to be wearing a white sweater and blue jeans.
or - The strike is expected to end soon.
or - He is alleged to have hit a policeman.
- The two houses belong to the same family. => It is said that t here is a secret tunnel between them.
or - There is said to be a secret tunnel between them.
These structures are often used in news reports.
For example, in a report about an accident:
- It is reported that two people were injured in the explosion.
or - Two people are reported to have been injured in the explosion.
B. (Be) supposed to
Sometimes (it is) supposed to ... = (it is) said to ... :
- I want to see that film. It`s supposed to be good. (= It is said to be good.)
- Fireworks are supposed to have been invented in China. Is it true?
But sometimes "supposed to" has a different meaning. We use supposed to to say what is intended, arranged or expected. Often this is different from the real situation:
- The plan is supposed to be a secret, but everybody seems to know about it.
(= The plan is intended to be a secret.)
- What are you doing at work? You`re supposed to be on holiday.
(= you arranged to be on holiday)
- Our guests were supposed to come at 7.30, but they were late.
- Jane was supposed to phone me last night, but she didn`t.
- I`d better hurry. I`m supposed to be meeting Chris in ten minutes.
- You`re not supposed to do something= It is not allowed or advisable.
- You`re not supposed to park your car here. lt`s private parking only.
- Jeff is much better after his illness, but he`s still not supposed to do any heavy work.
PRACTICE
I. Write these sentences in another way, beginning as shown. Use the underlined word each time.
1. It is expected that the strike will end soon.
=> The strike is expected to end soon.
2. It is expected that the weather will be good tomorrow.
The weather is.......................................................................
3. It is believed that the thieves got in through a window in the roof.
The thieves............................................................................
4. It is reported that many people are homeless aft er the floods.
Many people .........................................................................
5. It is thought that the prisoner escaped by climbing over a wall.
The prisoner...........................................................................
6. It is alleged that the man was driving at 110 miles an hour.
The man.................................................................................
7. It is reported that the building has been badly damaged by the fire.
The building............................................................................
8 a. Tt is said that the company is losing a lot of money.
The company..........................................................................
b. lt is believed that the company lost a lot of money last year.
The company..........................................................................
c. lt is expect ed that the company will make a loss this year.
The company...........................................................................
II. Nobody is sure whether these things are true. Write sentences about Alan, using supposed to.

1. Alan is supposed to speak ten languages.
2. He....................................................
3. .......................................................
4. .......................................................
5. ........................................................

III. Complete the sentences using supposed to be + the following:
on a diet - a flower - my friend - a joke - a secret - working
1. How is it that everybody seems to know about the plan?
=> It is supposed a secret.
2. You shouldn`t criticise me all the time.
You.........................................................
3. I shouldn`t be eating this cake really.
 
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