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Người gửi: Nguyễn Duy Linh
Ngày gửi: 08h:30' 12-09-2018
Dung lượng: 27.0 KB
Số lượt tải: 630
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Family life in the United States is changing. Fifty or sixty years ago, the wife was called a “housewife”. She cleaned, cooked, and cared for the children. The husband earned the money for the family. He was usually out working all day. He came home tired in the evening, so he did not do much housework. And he did not see the children very much, except on weekends.
These days, however, more and more women work outside the home. They cannot stay with the children all day. They, too, come home tired in the evening. They do not want to spend the evening cooking dinner and cleaning up. They do not have time to clean the house and do the laundry. So who is going to do the housework now? Who is going to take care of the children?
Many families solve the problem of housework by sharing it. In these families, the husband and wife agree to do different jobs around the house, or they take turns doing each job. For example, the husband always cooks dinner and the wife always does the laundry. Or the wife cooks dinner on some nights and the husband cooks dinner on other nights.
Then there is the question of the children. In the past, many families got help with child care from grandparents. Now families usually do not live near their relatives. The grandparents are often too far away to help in a regular way. More often, parents have to pay for child care help. The help may be a babysitter or a day-care center. The problem with this kind of help is the high cost. It is possible only for couples with jobs that pay well.
Parents may get another kind of help form the companies they work for. Many companies now let people with children work part-time. That way, parents can spend more time with their children. Some husbands may even stop working for a while to stay with the children. For these men there is a new word: they are called “househusbands”. In the USA more and more men are becoming househusbands every year.
These changes in the home mean changes in the family. Fathers can learn to understand their children better, and the children can get to know their fathers better. Husbands and wives may also find changes in their marriage. They, too, may have a better understanding of each other.

Question 36: Sixty years ago, most women__________.
A. were housewives B. went out to work
C. did not do much housework D. had no children
Question 37: Nowadays, there are__________.
A. more work outside the home than before
B. more and more women staying with the children all day
C. more housewives than before
D. more women going out to work than before
Question 38: The word “laundry” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to__________.
A. cooking and washing up B. tidying up C. washing and ironing D. shopping
Question 39: It can be inferred from paragraph 4 that__________.
A. all couples with jobs can pay for help from a babysitter or a day-care center
B. couples with low-paid jobs can’t afford the cost of a babysitter or a day-care center
C. in the past, grandparents did not help the couples with child care
D. grandparents can help care the children in a regular way
Question 40: The word “they” in paragraph 5 refers to__________.
A. children who spend more time with fathers than mothers
B. parents who work part-time
C. husbands who stop working to stay with the children
D. fathers who spend more time with their children
Question 41: The changes in the American home mentioned in this passage may__________.
A. help families B. not change the children at all
C. not happen D. cause problems for a marriage
Question 42: This article is about__________.
A. American men as househusbands B. housewives in America
C. how more American women are working D. how family life in America is changing

Today, in many parts of the world, it is customary for people to shake hands upon meeting as gesture of good will. Originally, however, the practice of shaking hands had more practical purpose.
Shaking hands originated in medieval times. In those days, when a man came on a stranger, he would often automatically reach for his sword with his right hand, in case he had to use the weapon to defend himself. Sometimes, both parties found themselves circling around each other, weapons in hand, until it was mutually agreed that the weapons could be laid aside. Then, the two parties extended their right hands to show that they had no weapons, and clasped them. This was the beginning of the handshake.
The custom of shaking hands is not a universal one.


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