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Nguồn: tu lam
Người gửi: ngô hương tân
Ngày gửi: 21h:02' 19-04-2021
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Politeness strategies in Requests in the Movie series “Harry Potter”

Lương Thanh Hồng

Trường Đại học Ngoại ngữ
Luận văn Thạc sĩ ngành: Ngôn ngữ Anh; Mã số: 60.22.15
Người hướng dẫn: PGS.TS. Nguyễn Văn Độ
Năm bảo vệ: 2012

Abstract: The study presents an investigation in how politeness strategies are employed in requests in the movie series Harry Potter with the two main chapters. In chapter 1, some reviews on Speech Acts, Speech Act of Requesting, Politeness, Politeness strategies by Brown and Levinson (1987) are taken into careful consideration to serve as a good foundation for the data analysis and findings in the next chapter. Chapter 2 based on Brown and Levinson’s framework studies the politeness strategies in requests used by the characters in the movie series Harry Potter and points out how S-H relationship affects their choices of politeness strategies in making requests. The results show that the characters in the movies are more in favor of negative politeness strategies than positive ones in order to minimize the imposition on the hearers when making requests. Moreover, there is a variation of the proportion between positive and negative politeness strategies depending on the specific cases of social relationship. The study may serve as a good start for further study on politeness in general and politeness strategies in particular.

Keywords: Tiếng Anh; Hội thoại; Ngôn ngữ

Content
PART 1: INTRODUCTION
1. Rationale
As it can be seen clearly, politeness plays an of great importance role in human daily communication. It has a great influence in phenomena, rules and structures of languages. Therefore, the effectiveness of communication is affected considerably. During the development of civilized society, human beings have been founding standards and values describing appropriate behaviors as well as communicative strategies and language structures which are considered being polite in specific situations and specific cultures. There are a number of studies on politeness issue because of its significance in communication. However, each researcher has a different point of view. For example, Lakoff and Leech study politeness under communicative strategies, Brown and Levinson consider politeness as behaviors saving face. Although politeness seems to be quite familiar and very old, in fact it still develops nonstop and actually offers me many interests, which inspires me to carry out a research on such issue. However, to achieve politeness in communication, it is necessary to give out suitable politeness strategies for each certain context. Thus, the study on politeness as well as politeness strategies is of great importance and essential to enhance the effectiveness of our daily communication.
Moreover, what are the other reasons why I would like to investigate politeness strategies in requests in the movie series Harry Potter? Firstly, according to many scholars not only is requesting one of the most popular activities in human daily communication but also is the most threatening act to the human face. Thus, choosing appropriate politeness strategies when making requests need to be taken into due consideration, which actually brings me good opportunities to do research on politeness strategies often used in daily requests. Secondly, I choose the requests in the movie series Harry Potter as the data for my study because watching movies is one of my biggest hobbies and offers me much interest. Especially, the movie series recently have been the best ones produced by Warner Bros - a very famous movie producer in the United States, so I believe that the reliability of the content quality is much relevant to my study.
Finally, I would expect the result of my research: Politeness Strategies in Requests in the Movie Series “Harry Potter”will have a great meaning to teaching and learning as well as using politeness strategies in requests appropriately and effectively. In addition, it will be much easier for people to choose and employ politeness strategies, which actually offers effectiveness in daily communication.
2. Aims of the study
To study the performance of positive and negative politeness strategies in the requests by the characters in the three episodes of the movie Harry Potter.
To study the effects of S-H relationship on the choices of politeness strategies in the requests of the characters in the three episodes of the movie Harry Potter.
3. Research questions
What are the positive and negative politeness strategies in the requests by the characters in the three episodes of the movie Harry Potter?
How does S-H relationship affectthe choices of positive and negative politeness strategies in making requests of the characters in the three episodes of the movie Harry Potter?
4. Scope of the study
Due to the time and limitation of a minor thesis, it is impossible for me to investigate politeness strategies in requests in all theiraspects. So, I would like to focus on verbal communication, but other important factors such as non-linguistic factors (facial expression, gestures, eye contact, etc.), paralinguistic factors such as intonation, pause, speed of speech, etc. are not taken into consideration in my study. Moreover, positive and negative politeness strategies based on the theoretical framework of Brown and Levinson (1987) are under the investigation of all the requests in three episodes: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire,
 
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