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Người gửi: Dương Thị Thanh
Ngày gửi: 16h:17' 15-04-2019
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By Duong Thanh - English Teacher of Thanh Chuong 3 High School
Period : 26th– 27thDate: .............................................. Name:................................................
Problem 10: Reading skill (reading comprehension and filling gaps)
Reading comprehension :
I/ the main ideal: General questions
Nếu đề thi yêu cầu bạn chọn một đáp án thể hiện ý chính của cả đoạn, hãy nhớ: Thông thường, câu chủ đạo (hay còn gọi làcâu chốt) hay nằm ở vị tríđầuđoạn hoặccuối đoạn. Hãy đọc thật kỹ các câu ở vị trí này và bạn có thể nắm được các ý quan trọng nhất trong đoạn. Hãy đọc các đoạn văn dưới đây và xem câu hỏi ở dưới:
Passage 1: Also, a stranger may remind you of a meeting with someone. This may be because of something as simple as the fact that he or she is physically similar to someone who treated you well or badly. Your feelings about a stranger could be influenced by a smell in the air that brings to mind a place where you were happy as a child. Since even a single word can bring back a memory such as that, you may never realize it is happening.
What does the paragraph discuss?
Meanings of signals one implies towards a stranger.
Factors that may influence one’s feelings about a stranger.
How people usually behave to a stranger.
Factors that cause people to act differently.
Passage 2: The average home library has a number of old favourite books, many unread books, and a few very useful books. The most useful one of all - besides the dictionary – is likely to be a world almanac. A good almanac includes a wealth of information – biographical, historical, and geographical. Records of all sorts – the highest, the lowest, the longest and the biggest – are all included in the almanac.
The main idea of the paragraph is that _____.
A. Everyone should have a home library. B. The almanac is an unread book.
C. The dictionary is not the most useful book. D. An almanac includes important information.
Passage 3: Nothing is as useful as a flashlight on a dark night if a fire goes flat. Few inventions are as helpful to a child who is afraid of the dark. In fact, the modern flashlight brings light to many dark situations. Finding something in the back of a closet is easy with a flashtlight in hand. A camperalso needs one after the light of the campfire has faded.
The main idea of the paragraph is that _____.
A. Some children are afraid of the dark. B. Modern flashlight is very useful.
C. You need a flashlight to find things. D. A flashlight is always beside any campers
Passage 4:Dishes have to be washed. There are floors to sweep and laundry to wash, fold and put away. Windows need washing, and furniture needs to be dusted and polished. Besides these chores, houses need constant organization too.
The main idea of the paragraph is that _____.
A. Any houses have dishes and floors. B. We often have to wash windows.
C. Houses need constant organization. D. Housework is never done.
Passage 5: Upon the creation of the United States, one of the core concepts on which the hopes for the new democracy were pinned was the ideal that its citizens would be enlightened individuals with clearly articulated rights and the opportunity for individual achievement and education. It wasbelieved that in a free nation where the power belongs to the people, the commitment to education defines the progress of that democracy and is the catalyst for future progress. Thiscore value has not only stood the test of time but has also grown in importance. In this new Information Era and international economy, education is an increasingly vital commodity, a precursor of potential success and a driving force of change. It is important to recognize,however, that we approach education today differently than in the past, partly because the kindsof jobs people had didn`t require the kind of basic education and specialized training that is often required in the workforce today. In the 1950s, for instance, only 20 percent of American jobs wereclassified as professional, 20 percent as skilled, and 60 percent as unskilled. Today, our world has changed. The proportion of unskilled jobs has fallen to 20 percent, while skilled jobs now account for at least 60 percent of the workforce.Even more important, almost every job todayincreasingly requires a combination of academic knowledge and practical skills that require learning throughout a lifetime.
Which of the following titles would be best for the passage?
Education and Jobs in the Past and at Present in the United States
The Significant Role of Education in American Citizens` Careers
Academic Knowledge and Practical Skills in American Professions
Recent Changes of Educational and Vocational Systems in America

Passage 6: Basketball was invented in 1891 by a physical education instructor in Springfield, Massachusetts, by the name of James Naismith. Because of terrible weather in winter, his physical education students were indoors rather than
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