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Thi thử Đại học lần 2 - Ngày 15/04/2012 - THPT Tứ Kỳ

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Người gửi: Nguyễn Thanh Tuấn
Ngày gửi: 17h:30' 15-04-2012
Dung lượng: 437.6 KB
Số lượt tải: 342
Số lượt thích: 0 người
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( Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút)

Họ và tên thí sinh: .....................................................................
Số báo danh : .............................................................................
Đề thi gồm có 6 trang

Choose the word whose stress pattern is placed differently from that of the others.
Question 1:  
A. vulnerable B. disappearance   C. generation D. engineering              
Question 2: 
A. encouragement  B. artificial                    C. intelligent                  D. contaminate 
Question 3: 
A. subsequent           B. frequently              C. deliberate              D. consequent
Question 4: 
A. apprehension       B. conventional              C. preferential             D. calculation
Question 5:  
A. mountaineer              B. presuppose            C. refugee               D. policeman    
Read the following passage and choose the option that indicates the correct answer to each of the questions.






 The Moon has been worshipped by primitive peoples and has inspired humans to create everything from lunar calendars to love sonnets, but what do we really know about it? The most accepted theory about the origin of the Moon is that it was formed of the debris from a massive collision with the young Earth about 4.6 billion years ago. A huge body, perhaps the size of Mars, struck the Earth, throwing out an immense amount of debris that coalesced and cooled in orbit around the Earth.

The development of Earth is inextricably linked to the moon; the Moon’s gravitational influence upon the Earth is the primary cause of ocean tides. In fact, the Moon has more than twice the effect upon the tides than the Sun does. The Moon makes one rotation and completes a revolution around the Earth every 27 days, 7 hours, and 43 minutes. This synchronous rotation is caused by an uneven distribution of mass in the Moon (essentially, it is heavier on one side than the other) and has allowed the Earth’s gravity to keep one side of the Moon permanently facing Earth. It is an average distance from Earth of 384,403 km.

The Moon has no atmosphere; without an atmosphere, the Moon has nothing to protect it from meteorite impacts, and thus the surface of the Moon is covered with impact craters, both large and small. The Moon also has no active tectonic or volcanic activity, so the erosive effects of atmospheric weathering, tectonic shifts, and volcanic upheavals that tend to erase and reform the Earth’s surface features are not at work on the Moon. In fact, even tiny surface features such as the footprint left by an astronaut in the lunar soil are likely to last for millions of years, unless obliterated by a chance meteorite strike. The surface gravity of the Moon is about one-sixth that of the Earth’s. Therefore, a man weighing 82 kilograms on Earth would only weigh 14 kilograms on the Moon.

The geographical features of the Earth most like that of the Moon are, in fact, places such as the Hawaiian volcanic craters and the huge meteor crater in Arizona. The climate of the Moon is very unlike either Hawaii or Arizona, however; in fact the temperature on the Moon ranges between 123 degrees C. to –233 degrees C.

Question 6: What is the passage primarily about?
A. the Moon’s effect upon the Earth
B. a comparison of the Moon and the Earth
C. the origin of the Moon
D. what we know about the Moon and its differences to Earth
Question 7: The word “massive” in line 3 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. huge B. unavoidable C. dense D. impressive
Question 8: The word “debris” in line 5 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. rubbish B. satellites C. earth D. moons
Question 9: According to the passage, the Moon is ______.
A. composed of a few active volcanoes C. the primary cause of Earth’s ocean tides
B. older than the Earth D. protected by a dense atmosphere
Question 10: The word “uneven” in line 11 is closest in meaning to ______.
A. equally distributed C. heavier
B. orderly D. not uniform
Question 11: Why does the author mention “impact craters” in line 15?
A. to explain the corrosive effects of atmospheric weathering
B. to show the result of the Moon not having an atmosphere
C. to explain why the Moon has no plant life because of meteorites
D. to show the result of the Moon not having active tectonic or volcanic activity
Question 12: The word “erase” in line 17
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