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12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Unit 1. THE GENERATION GAP
Part I. PHONETICS
Exercise 1. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the primary stress in each of the following questions.
1. A. access B. afford C. brochure D. casual
2. A. behaviour B. determined C. counselor D. decisive
3. A. donate B. compare C. campaign D. flashy
4. A. experience B. mobility C. independent D. prioritise
5. A. romantic B. solution C. protective D. elegant
6. A. legal B. obey C. forbid D. impose
7. A. constitution B. disrespectful C. sympathetic D. elongated
8. A. generational B. interpersonal C. discrimination D. nationality
9. A. studious B. unite C. mature D. involve
10. A. frustrating B. charity C. impairment D. infectious
Part II. VOCABULARY
Exercise 2. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
11. I live in a/an ____ with my parents and my elder sister in the coastal area.
A. extended family B. nuclear family
C. extended house D. nuclear house
12. One advantage of living in a/an ____ is to strengthen relationship between young children and adults.
A. nuclear family B. nuclear house
C. extended family D. extended house
13. In my opinion, family members are responsible for ____.
A. the housework B. the chores C. homework D. A and B
14. My grandpa is the most conservative person in my family. He never ____ about way of life.
A. gives his opinion B. changes his mind
C. gives his view D. keeps in mind
15. After graduating from university, I want to ____ my father's footsteps.
A. follow in B. succeed in C. go after D. keep up
16. In a nuclear family, both mother and father have responsibility for housekeeping and ____.
A. child care B. homework C. childcare D. generation gap
17. Four generations living in the same roof will have different ____ of lifestyle.
A. gaps B. rules C. manners D. viewpoints
18. Luckily, my parents are always willing to listen to my new ideas. They're very ____.
A. narrow-minded B. open-minded C. elegant D. careful
19. My mother ____ me from going home after 10 p.m. every day.
A. forbids B. allows C. lets D. All are correct
20. Anna often dresses ____ when going to the parties in order to attract her friends' attention.
A. plainly B. properly C. flashily D. soberly
21. We're surprised by Joe's ____ every Monday. He changes it at least 4 times a month.
A. hairstyle B. lifestyle C. viewpoint D. manner
22. I rarely eat ____ and drink ____ because they're not food for health.
A. snack/energy drink B. fast food/juice C. fruit/alcoholic drink D. junk food/soft drink
23. Generation ____ is the difference in the thoughts and viewpoints amongst generations living together.
A. distance B. gap C. space. D. All are correct
24. I was tired and couldn't ____ on doing my research project properly.
A. concentrate B. look C. pay attention D. Both A and C
25. My parents don't let me get married until I graduate from university and they never ____ their mind about that.
A. keep B. impose C. focus D. change
26. The ____ arises when Jack and his parents have considerable disagreement on his choice of university.
A. discrimination B. conflict C. agreement D. gap
27. I do morning exercise and play volleyball regularly so as to keep ____ and be healthier.
A. fit B. good shape C. healthy D. strong
28. Since the family law was implemented, domestic violence has been a rare ____ in this area.
A. happen B. taking place C. occurrence D. happenstance
29. My father used to ____ a lot of challenges before establishing his own insurance company.
A. provide B. enjoy C. give D. face
30. I wish I could do something to reduce financial ____ on my parents.
A. capital B. burden C. limit D. gap
Exercise 3. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
31. Despite being a kid, Tuan always helps his mother do the chores every day.
A. homework B. works C. housework D. house duties
32. When I was a child, my mother used to teach me table manners.
A. etiquette B. rule C. problem D. norm
33. Many parents find it hard to understand their children when they are teenagers.
A. adults B. elders C. adolescents D. kids
34. There're many problems which are unavoidable when living in an extended family.
A. profits B. issues C. views D. merits
35. Mary has a strong desire to make independent decisions.
A. dependent B. self-confident C. self-confessed D. self-determining
36. My mother mistakenly believes that my fashion style breaks the norm of society.
A. routine B. barrier C. rule D. conflict
37. I always look at this matter from a different viewpoint.
A. point of view B. view from point C. idea D. opinion
38. We find it unattractive when dress flashily.
A. luxuriantly B. ostentatiously C. cheaply D. fashionably
39. Consuming too much junk food increases the risk of obesity.
A. decrease B. reduce C. rise D. raise
40. I feel extremely depressed as conflict occurs frequently amongst generations in my family.
A. comes on B. comes up C. comes in D. comes into
Exercise 4. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
41. If you live in an extended family, you'll have great joy and get support of other members.
A. close family B. traditional family C. nuclear family D. large family
42. Our mother encourages us to be open-minded about new opinions and experiences
A. optimistic B. elegant C. close-knit D. narrow-minded
43. Domestic violence is strictly forbidden all over the world.
A. permitted B. limited C. restricted D. prohibited
44. Jane found herself in conflict with her parents over her future career.
A. disagreement B. harmony C. controversy D. fighting
45. I can't concentrate on my work because of the noise caused by my children.
A. focus B. abandon C. neglect D. allow
46. My grandpa's point of view about marriage remains conservative.
A. progressive B. traditional C. retrogressive D. conventional
47. Finally, I decide to follow in my father's footsteps to work in state-owned enterprise.
A. private-owned B. public limited C. privately-owned D. government-owned
48. My grandma usually takes care of us when my parents are away on business.
A. follows B. abandons C. concerns D. bothers
49. We greatly respect my teacher for all of the best things that she brought to us.
A. look up to B. look forwards C. look for D. look down on
50. I regretted not to buy those trendy shoes through lack of money.
A. shortage B. abundance C. scarcity D. deficiency
Part III. GRAMMAR
Exercise 5. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
51. All students ____ wear uniforms at school because it is a rule.
A. should B. have to C. ought to D. must
52. You ____ finish your homework before you go to bed.
A. must B. have to C. should D. ought to
53. This drink isn't beneficial for health. You ____ drink it too much.
A. should B. ought to not C. ought not to D. mustn't
54. This warning sign indicates that you ____ step on the grass.
A. shouldn't B. mustn't C. don't have to D. ought not to
55. I think you ____ do exercise regularly in order to keep your body in good shape.
A. must B. should C. ought to D. Both B and C
56. I will lend you some money, but you ____ pay it back to me next week.
A. should B. have to C. must D. mustn't
57. Hoa ____ feed the cats because her mother has done it already.
A. has to B. doesn't have to C. must D. Both A and C
58. Those audiences ____ show their tickets before entering the concert hall.
A. have to B. must C. ought to D. don't have to
59. The children ____ spend too much time playing computer games.
A. mustn't B. ought to not C . shouldn't D. Both B and C
60. In case you're suffered from the injury, you ____ see the doctor today.
A. had better B. must C. ought D. have better
61. Water park is free for kids under 6 years old, so you ____ pay money for your son.
A. have to B. mustn't C. should D. don't have to
62. You look totally exhausted. You ____ take a rest instead of working overtime.
A. should B. ought C. must D. has better
63. Anyone ____ have a passport, even a visa when travelling all around the world.
A. ought to B. must C. should D. has to
64. In the peak season, travellers ____ book their accommodation in advance.
A. have to B. must C. should D. ought
65. My car broke down yesterday, so I ____ catch a taxi to the office.
A. have to B. had better C. had to D. has to
66. We ____ eat as much fruit as possible in order to get enough vitamins for our bodies.
A. had better B. should C. ought to D. All are correct
67. You ____ tell anyone what I've revealed to you. It's still a secret.
A. mustn't B. had better not C. ought not to D. don't have to
68. If you still want to maintain this relationship, you ____ behave improperly like that.
A. ought to not B. ought not to C. mustn't D. don't have to
69. When playing or swimming in the pool, children ____ be accompanied by their parents.
A. should B. must C. don't have to D. have to
70. We ____ go to work by car. Sky train is a wise choice during rush hour.
A. ought to B. mustn't C. shouldn't D. have to
Exercise 6. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
71. I will leave the party early because I must studying for my exam.
A B C D

72. I stayed up late last night because I mustn't go to school on Sunday.
A B C D
73. We ought to not play football as it's raining outside.
A B C D
74. You mustn't to drive a car if you don't have a driving licence.
A B C D
75. If you want some useful advice, you have better talk to your parents about your problem.
A B C D
76. I had stay at home 3 days due to snowing heavily.
A B C D
77. Because of his poverty, he has to struggling to make ends meet.
A B C D
78. According to the rules of this game, you had better not drop the ball.
A B C D
79. If you want to get a higher mark in the next test, you have better put more effort into vocabulary.
A B C D
80. We shouldn't make an appointment with this doctor. You can see him whenever you want.
A B C D
81. Look at the sky, it is going to rain. Thus, you must bring along a raincoat.
A B C D
82. I ought to go home now because I don't want to walk in the dark.
A B C D
83. As our teacher said yesterday, we ought to not worry about the mid-term test. Take it easy.
A B C D
84. This competition is optional, so we not have to take part in it.
A B C D
85. Despite having a little chance to win, you should give up your dream of becoming a star.
A B C D
86. The professor told me that we should give this assignment in by Thursday at the latest.
A B C D
87. What you should do now is to make slides for the presentation tomorrow as we have a little time left.
A B C D
88. You have to apply for this position as soon as possible since it has only three vacancies.
A B C D
89. Ms. Anna will give a fascinating lecture at 8 a.m., so you should be here at 7.45 to check in.
A B C D
90. My advice is you have to consider carefully before making the final decision.
A B C D
Part IV. SPEAKING
Exercise 7. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct response to each of the following exchanges.
91. Would you mind if I opened the windows? It's too stuffy in here.
A. Yes, of course. B. No, please do. C. I think it is OK. D. You look so tired.
92. Could you show me how to get to the nearest train station from here?
A. I'm not certain but it's maybe at the end of the street.
B. I totally agree with you.
C. Sorry, I never know you.
D. I'm busy. now.
93. From my point of view, all family members should share the chores equally.
A. It's a breathtaking view. B. You lied to me.
C. But you're right. D. There's no doubt about it.
94. I've been awarded a scholarship to Harvard University.
A. Just kidding! B. It's up to you. C. Good job! D. Same to you. Thanks!
95. Don't forget to finish your homework before class.
A. I'll do it later. B. Not much. C. It's quite difficult. D. Thank you for reminding me.
96. Thanks a lot for helping me fix the car yesterday.
A. I'd love to. B. You're welcome. C. Of course not. D. I like it.
97. I've seen John at the workshop on communication skills.
A. I see. I'll call him.
B. The workshop was very useful.
C. That can't be John because he's in Paris now.
D. No, I don't think so.
98. How do I sign up for the psychology course?
A. You need to fill in the online application form first.
B. It's not yours.
C. The course was full.
D. Your deadline is May 15.
99. What's about going to the waterpark?
A. That's a good idea. B. That's right. C. Of course! D. I'm sorry I can't.
100. Hi, I'd like to buy three tickets for the Lost in Fear.
A. How many tickets? B. I'm sorry. They were sold out.
C. We don't like this film. D. You should see other interesting films.
101. Do you enjoy buying souvenirs?
A. No, I don't. B. No, thank you! C. Never mind. D. No, I am not.
102. Which show would you like to watch, madam?
A. Here you are! B. No, thanks. C. I am sorry. D. Pardon?
103. What did you do on Sunday?
A. No way! B. Not much. C. It was great. D. I don't care.
104. I love listening to rock n' roll. How about you?
A. I can't stand it. B. I can't help it. C. I can't do it. D. I can't wait for it.
105. What's wrong with the shirt you bought last week?
A. Oh! What a beautiful shirt! B.I wore it last night.
C. The zip has come off. D. I've the receipt.
Part V. READING
Exercise 8. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks.
Fathers in today families are spending more time with their children than at any point in the past 100 years. (106) ____ the number of hours the average woman spends at home with her children has declined since the early 1900s, as more and more women enter the workforce, there has been a decrease in the number of children per family and an increase in (107) ____ attention to each child. As a result, mothers today in the United States, (108) ____ those who work part- or full-time, spend almost twice as much time with each child as mothers did in the 1920s. People (109) ____ raised children in the 1940s and 1950s typically report that their own adult children and grandchildren communicate far better with their kids and spend more time (110) ____ with homework than they did.
America's children are also safer today than they've (111) ____ been. An infant was four times more likely to die in the 1950s than today. A parent then was 27 per cent more likely to lose an older teen (112) ____ death.
If we look back over the last millennium, we can see that families have always been diverse. In each period, families have solved one set of problems only to face new (113) ____. What works for a family in one economic and cultural setting doesn't work for a family in another. What's helpful (114) ____ one stage of a family's life may be (115) ____ at the next stage. If there is one lesson to be (116) ____ from the last millennium of family history, it's that families always have to (117) ____ with a changing world.
106. A. Although B. However C. Unless D. Besides
107. A. isolated B. individual C. unique D. single
108. A. adding B. counting C. taking D. including
109. A. whom B. which C. who D. when
110. A. helping B. to help C. help D. on help
111. A. never B. already C. ever D. just
112. A. in B. for C. to D. with
113. A. challanger B. challenges C. challenging D. challenged
114. A. at B. for C. in D. by
115. A. destruction B. destroying C. destroyed D. destructive
116. A. drawing B. drawn C. draw D. drew
117. A. put up B. live up C. go up D. catch up
Exercise 9. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Stella McCartney was born in 1972, the daughter of pop star Sir Paul McCartney. She is the youngest of three sisters. One sister is a potter and the other sister does the same job as their mother used to do - she works as a photographer. Stella's brother, James, is a musician. Stella first hit the newspaper headlines in 1995 when she graduated in fashion design from art college. At her final show, her clothes were modeled by her friends, Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss, both well-known models. Unsurprisingly, the student show became front-page news around the world. Stella hadn't been in the news before as a fashion designer but she had spent time working in the fashion world since she was fifteen. In March 1997, Stella went to work for the fashion house Chloe. People said the famous fashion house had given her the job because of her surname and her famous parents but Stella soon showed how good she was. She designs clothes which she would like to wear herself, although she's not a model, and many famous models and actors choose to wear them. In 2001 Stella started her own fashion house and has since opened stores around the world and won many prizes. A lifelong vegetarian, McCartney does not use any leather or fur in her design. Instead, she uses silk, wool and other animal-derived fabrics.
118. Which of the following is NOT true about Stella's family?
A. She has three sisters. B. One of her sisters is a photographer.
C. She is the youngest. D. Her father is a famous singer.
119. Stella, Naomi Campbell and Kate Moss ____.
A. met for the first time at her fashion show B. are very famous fashion models
C. had been friends before 1995 D. all performed at the final show in 1995
120. Which of the following is TRUE about the show?
A. Everyone was surprised when Stella's show was successful.
B. The models performed clothes designed by Stella.
C. The show was the last show of Stella.
D. There was no one famous appearing in the show.
121. Stella thinks about the kinds of clothes that ____.
A. famous people like to wear B. she likes to wear
C. well-known models perform beautifully D. bring her prizes
122. The word “lifelong” in the passage is closest in meaning to ____.
A. permanent B. inconstant C. temporary D. changing
Exercise 10. Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
In American, although most men still do less housework than their wives, that gap has been halved since the 1960s. Today, 41 per cent of couples say they share childcare equally, compared with 25 percent in 1985. Men's greater involvement at home is good for their relationships with their spouses, and also good for their children. Hands-on fathers make better parents than men who let their wives do all the nurturing and childcare. They raise sons who are more expressive and daughters who are more likely to do well in school - especially in math and science.
In 1900, life expectancy in the United States was 47 years, and only four per cent of the population was 65 or older. Today, life expectancy is 76 years, and by 2025, it is estimated about 20 per cent of the U.S. population will be 65 or older. For the first time, a generation of adults must plan for the needs of both their parents and their children. Most Americans are responding with remarkable grace. One in four households gives the equivalent of a full day a week or more in unpaid care to an aging relative, and more than half say they expect to do so in the next 10 years. Older people are less likely to be impoverished or incapacitated by illness than in the past, and have more opportunity to develop a relationship with their grandchildren.
Even some of the choices that worry people the most are turning out to be manageable. Divorce rates are likely to remain high, and in many cases marital breakdown causes serious problems for both adults and kids. Yet when parents minimize conflict, family bonds can be maintained. And many families are doing this. More non-custodial parents are staying in touch with their children. Child-support receipts are rising. A lower proportion of children from divorced families are exhibiting problems than in earlier decades. And stepfamilies are learning to maximize children's access to supportive adults rather than cutting them off from one side of the family.
123. Which of the following can be the most suitable heading for paragraph 1?
A. Men's involvement at home
B. Benefits of men's involvement at home
C. Drawbacks of men's involvement at home
D. Children studying math and science
124. Nowadays, ____ of men help take care of children.
A. 50% B. 41% C. 25% D. 20%
125. According to the writer, old people in the USA ____.
A. are experiencing a shorter life expectancy
B. receive less care from their children than they used to
C. have better relationships with their children and grandchildren
D. may live in worst living conditions
126. Which of the following is NOT true about divorce rates in the USA?
A. They will still be high.
B. They can cause problems for both parents and children.
C. More problems are caused by children from divorced families.
D. Children are encouraged to meet their separate parents.
127. The word "equivalent” in paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to ____.
A. comparable B. opposed C. dissimilar D . constrasting
128. The word "manageable” in paragraph 3 is closest in meaning to ____.
A. difficult B. challenging C. demanding D. easy
129. The word “this” in the paragraph 3 refers to ____.
A. getting divorced B. minimizing conflict
C. causing problems to kids D. maintaining bonds
130. According to the writer, the future of American family life can be ____.
A. positive B. negative C. unchanged D. unpredictable
Part VI. WRITING
Exercise 11. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.
131. Nobody in the class is as tall as Mike.
A. Everybody in the class is taller than Mike.
B. Somebody in the class may be shorter than Mike.
C. Mike is the tallest student in the class.
D. Mike may be taller than most students in the class.
132. I haven't got enough money to buy a new car.
A. I need more money to buy a new car.
B. I don't want to spend more money on a new car.
C. A new car is not something I really need.
D. Money is not the most essential issue to buy a new car.
133. I am really keen on playing sports.
A. I am a big fan of sports. B. Playing sports makes me sick.
C. I am not really into sports. D. I can't stand sports.
134. “I will come back home soon,” he said.
A. He advised to come back home soon.
B. He offered to come back home soon.
C. He promised to come back home soon.
D. He suggested that he should come back home soon.
135. He prevented his close friend from telling the truth.
A. He forbade his close friend to tell the truth.
B. He allowed his close friend to tell the truth.
C. He ordered his close friend to tell the truth.
D. He paid his close friend to tell the truth.
Exercise 12. Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
136. My brother speaks too loud. It is really annoying.
A. My brother is speaking too loud.
B. My brother likes to speak too loud.
C. My brother feels annoyed when he can't speak too loud.
D. My brother is always speaking too loud.
137. There is always conflict between parents and children. However, they still should talk and share things with each other.
A. Although there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other.
B. There is always conflict between parents and children, so they still should talk and share things with each other.
C. Unless there is always conflict between parents and children, they still should talk and share things with each other.
D. Not only there is always conflict between parents and children, but they still should talk and share things with each other.
138. Your parents will help you with the problem. You should tell them the story.
A. Because your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story.
B. Your parents will help you with the problem since you should tell them the story.
C. If your parents will help you with the problem, you should tell them the story.
D. Your parents will help you with the problem because you should tell them the story.
139. Unemployment rate is high. This makes many children move back to their parents' house.
A. Many children move back to their parents' house, which makes high unemployment rate.
B. High unemployment rate forces many children to move back to their parents' house.
C. Moving back to their parents' house suggests that the unemployment rate is high.
D. It is necessary to move back to your parents' house if unemployment rate is high.
140. She is an honest person. She is also a very friendly one.
A. She is an honest but friendly person.
B. She is not only an honest but also a very friendly person.
C. Though she is a honest person, she is friendly.
D. Being honest is necessary to become friendly.
_________THE END________
 
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