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Khắc phục hiện tượng không xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet trên PowerPoint và Word

12099162 Kính chào các thầy, cô. Khi cài đặt phần mềm , trên PowerPoint và Word sẽ mặc định xuất hiện menu Bộ công cụ Violet để thầy, cô có thể sử dụng các tính năng đặc biệt của phần mềm ngay trên PowerPoint và Word. Tuy nhiên sau khi cài đặt phần mềm , với nhiều máy tính sẽ...
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Người gửi: Nguyễn Hoàng Huy
Ngày gửi: 15h:28' 09-09-2021
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Reading for gist
Finding the tittle, heading, sub-headings (if any), key content, key words first (which word is more repeated)
Paying attention to topic sentence (often in the first/last sentence of each passage)
Grasping the transition words (first, next, furthermore, besides,...)
Taking notice of organization
+ Chronological/Time order (History, the development of..., century, the inventor,...)
+ Cause-effect(caused by, lead to, effect, be blamed for, be attributed to)
+ Problem-solution (...should/....can be done to solve...)
+ Compare and contrast (same, similar, similarity, difference, different, alike, while, whereas,
Matching passage info with answer options (synonyms, paraphrases)
Question format
Identifying the text structure
+ What is the organization/structure of the passage?
Identifying the source of text
+ The passage can be found in......
Identifying targeted readers
+ What kind of reader does the passage aim at?
+ Who is the targeted reader of the passage?
Reading for gist
What is the passage mainly about?
What does the author/passage mainly discuss?
Which of the following can be the tittle of the passage?
What’s the writer main purpose?
The passage mainly discuss the following EXCEPT......
Type 1: Identifying text structure
Passage 1
Pollution is the degradation of natural environment by external substances introduced directly or indirectly. Human health, ecosystem quality and aquatic and terrestrial biodiversity may be affected and altered permanently by pollution.
Pollution occurs when ecosystems can not get rid of substances introduced into the environment. The critical threshold of its ability to naturally eliminate substances is compromised and the balance of the ecosystem is broken.
The sources of pollution are numerous. The identification of these different pollutants and their effects on ecosystems is complex. They can come from natural disasters or the result of human activity, such as oil spills, chemical spills, nuclear accidents ... These can have terrible consequences on people and the planet where they live: destruction of the biodiversity, increased mortality of the human and animal species, destruction of natural habitat, damage caused to the quality of soil, water and air ...
Preventing pollution and protecting the environment necessitate the application of the principles of sustainable development. we have to consider to satisfy the needs of today without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. This means that we should remedy existing pollution, but also anticipate and prevent future pollution sources in order to protect the environment and public health. Any environmental damage must be punishable by law, and polluters should pay compensation for the damage caused to the environment.
Passage 2:
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation. Most definitions of cars say that they run primarily on roads, seat one-to-eight people, have four wheels and mainly transport people rather than goods.
Cars came into global use during the 20th century, and developed economies depend on them. The year 1886 is regarded as the birth year of the car when German inventor Karl Benz patented his Benz Patent-Motorwagen. Cars became widely available in the early 20th century. One of the first cars accessible to the masses was the 1908 Model T, an American car manufactured by the Ford Motor Company. Cars were rapidly adopted in the US, where they replaced animal-drawn carriages and carts. In Europe and other parts of the world, demand for automobiles did not increase until after World War II. [...]
Passage 3:
Though it’s sometimes hard to believe, our modern canine friends are related to wolves—most closely to the gray wolf. The two animals are thought to share a common, extinct wolf ancestor. But dogs and wolves are very different in terms of evolution and behavior.
So, what are the major differences between wolves and dogs? Read on for all the reasons that these animals are distinct from one another, and why we should appreciate them both.
First: same species or not?
This question is a bit complicated, actually. For years, wolves and dogs were considered separate species: canis familiaris and canis lupus. However, more recently, scientists generally agree they are both a sub-species of canis lupus. Unlike dogs and foxes, wolves and dogs can reproduce, creating the controversial wolf-dog. When two animals can create a fertile offspring, they’re considered to be of the same species.
You can read an excellent in-depth analysis of the question of wolf vs. dog species classification here. And for further understanding about the dog genome, this is a dense, yet fascinating, breakdown from Nature. [...]
Type 2: Identifying text’s source
Passage 1:
Vietnam is a densely-populated, developing country that in the last 30 years has had to recover from the ravages of war. Substantial progress was achieved froml986 to 1997 in moving forward from an extremely low level of development and significantly reducing poverty. Since 2001, Vietnamese authorities have
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